Federal Supreme Council as per the UAE's Constitution
The Federal Supreme Council is the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates. It is also the highest legislative and executive authority that draws up general policies and approves various federal legislations.
As per Article 45 of the UAE's Constitution, the Federal Supreme Council is one of the five bodies that comprise the federal authorities of the UAE Government.
Articles 46 to 50 of the UAE's Constitution provide for the Council's formation and powers.
Formation of the Federal Supreme Council
The Supreme Council consists of the Rulers of all the emirates composing the Federation, or of their substitutes in the event of their absence or incapacity to attend.
Each emirate has a single vote in the deliberations of the Council.
Responsibilities of the Federal Supreme Council
The Supreme Council performs the responsibilities outlined below:
- formulating the general policy on all matters concerning the Federation as per the provisions of the Constitution and considering the achievement of the objectives of the Federation and the common interests of the member emirates
- endorsing the various federal laws prior to their issuance, including laws of the annual general budget of the Federation and the closing accounts
- sanctioning the decrees on matters that by virtue of the provisions of the Constitution are subject to ratification and approval of the Supreme Council
- ratification of treaties and international agreements through decrees
- approving the appointment of the Prime Minister of the Federation, accepting his resignation, and requesting him to resign upon the suggestion of the President of the Federation
- approving the appointment of the President and the judges of the Supreme Court, accepting their resignations and dismissing them in the cases specified by the Constitution
- assuming supreme control over the affairs of the Federation in general
- any other relevant responsibilities stipulated in the Constitution or in the federal laws
Mechanism of the Federal Supreme Council's resolutions
The Supreme Council lays down its own regulations, including its work procedures and the method for voting on its resolutions. The deliberations of the Council are kept confidential.
It holds its sessions in the capital of the federation; however, it can hold its sessions in any other place agreed beforehand.
The Council establishes a general secretariat consisting of a sufficient number of officials to help it in performing its duties and functions.
A majority of five of its members makes resolutions of the Supreme Council on substantive matters, provided that such majority includes the vote of the emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai.
The minority shall abide by the opinion of the majority. However, resolutions of the Council on procedural matters are issued by a majority vote. Such matters are defined in the by-laws of the Council.